Household income Household income quartiles Sources of income Individual income Individual income quartiles

#### Derived from the Census question:

'From all sources of income identified, what will the total income be that you got yourself, before tax or anything was taken out of it, in the 12 months that will end on 31 March 2013?'

# New ZealandIndividual income quartiles

Individual income groups are not comparable over time because of the influences of economic change such as wage level fluctuations and inflation. Income quartiles have been adopted as the most objective method of comparing change in the income profile of a community over time. Because the quartile method derives 4 equal groups from income ranges collected by Stats New Zealand, the exact 25%, 50% and 75% cutoffs rarely fall exactly on the end of a collection range. Where they cross a range, the approximate point in the range where the cutoff would fall is estimated automatically. An inherent assumption with this method is that the income \$ values within the range are uniformly distributed through the range. While this is unlikely to be the case, in the absence of other information, it is the only reasonable assumption, and when calculated for large populations (e.g. The whole of New Zealand), is a close enough approximation of reality to provide meaningful results. Quartile ranges are calculated from New Zealand total population individual income data.

The data presented is for the population aged over 15.

Individual income quartiles
New Zealand - Rohe20132006Change
Quartile groupNumber of Māori within New Zealand% of Māori within New ZealandNew Zealand Māori population %Number of Māori within New Zealand% of Māori within New ZealandNew Zealand Māori population %2006 to 2013
Lowest group129,51530.930.9107,79128.128.1+21,724
Medium lowest107,69425.725.7100,74826.226.2+6,946
Medium highest105,61725.225.2105,50427.527.5+113
Highest group76,30618.218.269,83118.218.2+6,475

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings 2006 and 2013.

Quartile group dollar ranges (Individuals)
Calculated from income data for New Zealand total populationAnnual income by Census year
Individual quartile ranges20132006
Lowest group\$0 to \$12,825\$0 to \$11,398
Medium lowest\$12,826 to \$28,474\$11,399 to \$24,402
Medium highest\$28,475 to \$52,637\$24,403 to \$42,449
Highest group\$52,638 and over\$42,450 and over

Individual income quartiles, 2013
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2013.
Change in individual income quartiles, 2006 to 2013
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2006 and 2013.

### Dominant groups

There were no major differences in the individual income quartiles of the Māori population in New Zealand Rohe and the New Zealand Māori population in 2013.

### Emerging groups

The largest changes in the individual income quartiles of the Māori population in New Zealand Rohe between 2006 and 2013 were:

• Lowest group (+21,724 people)
• Medium lowest (+6,946 people)
• Highest group (+6,475 people)
• Medium highest (+113 people)